The Stellarex DCB uses EnduraCoat technology, a durable, uniform balloon coating designed to prevent drug loss during transit and facilitate controlled, efficient drug delivery to the treatment site. The FIH study results were reported at the EuroPCR Scientific Congress in Paris, held 20 May to 23 May 2014.

The ILLUMENATE FIH study is a prospective, multi-center, single arm study designed to assess the safety and effectiveness of the Stellarex DCB. In the study, 58 superficial femoral and/or popliteal lesions in 50 patients were pre-dilated with an uncoated angioplasty balloon, followed by treatment with the Stellarex DCB.

When used to treat lesions in leg arteries, the Stellarex DCB is intended to open narrowed or occluded vessels to restore blood flow and simultaneously deliver paclitaxel, the drug used in the balloon coating, to the vessel wall. This helps prevent restenosis, or the formation of new blockages within an artery, after the artery has been treated.

The study found the Stellarex DCB to be safe, with durable results to 24 months including: Primary patency (defined as the treated artery remaining open without further treatment required or renewed blockage detected by ultrasound scanning) was 82.3 percent at 24 months; Freedom from clinically-driven target lesion revascularization at 24 months was 87.9%. This is the same rate observed at 12 months; no new events were reported demonstrating a sustained low rate of repeat treatment out to 24 months; No amputations or cardiovascular deaths were reported.

Covidien is conducting additional large clinical trials to further validate the FIH findings.

Covidien Vascular chief medical officer Dr Mark Turco said that ILLUMENATE’s long-term results represent some of the best 24-month patency and freedom from target lesion revascularization rates seen in first-in-human studies to date.

"These encouraging, long-term findings suggest Stellarex may be uniquely effective compared with other paclitaxel-based DCBs," said. "The ILLUMENATE trial series demonstrates Covidien’s ongoing commitment to develop innovative solutions for treating vascular diseases," Dr Turco added.